Women’s History Month: March 2020


The roots of National Women’s History Month go back to March 8, 1857, when women from various New York City factories staged a protest over working conditions. The first Women's Day celebration in the United States was also in New York City in 1909, but Congress did not establish National Women's History Week until 1981 to be commemorated annually the second week of March. In 1987, Congress expanded the week to a month. Every year since, Congress has passed a resolution for Women’s History Month, and the president has issued a proclamation.

The following facts are made possible by the invaluable responses to the U.S. Census Bureau’s surveys. We appreciate the public’s cooperation as we continuously measure America’s people, places and economy.

Did You Know?


166.0 million

The number of females in the United States as of July 2018. The number of males was 161.1 million.


2 to 1

The approximate ratio by which women age 85 and older outnumbered men in 2018 (4.2 million to 2.3 million).


78.4 million

The number of females age 16 and older who participated in the civilian labor force in 2018. This comprises 58.3% of females age 16 and older.


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